Bernard Madoff, 71 years old and former chairman of NASDAQ stock exchange was moved to a US Medium security prison in Atlanta to serve a sentence of 150 years. He was sentenced for masterminding the largest Ponzi scheme in U.S. history. Prosecutors said the money manager told clients they had as much as $65 billion invested with him.
Madoff pleaded guilty to 11 counts and got the maximum sentence on each. He received 20 years for two counts of international money laundering, as well as for single counts of securities fraud, mail fraud, wire fraud, and making a false statement to the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Charles Ponzi (March 3, 1882 – January 18, 1949) was one of the greatest swindlers in American history. His aliases include Charles Ponei, Charles P. Bianchi, Carl and Carlo.
The irony in this case is that Bernie Madoff is being moved to an Atlanta Prison, to the same prison that once was the once of Charles Ponzi.
The "Ponzi scheme" is a widely known description of any scam that pays early investors returns from the investments of later investors. Ponzi scheme brings in cash at a fantastic rate, but the simplest financial analysis shows that the operation runs at a large loss. As long as money keps flowing in, existing investors could be paid with the new money. In fact, new money was the only way Ponzi had to pay off those investors, as he made no effort to generate legitimate profits.
Ponzi was probably inspired by the scheme of William F. Miller, a Brooklyn bookkeeper who in 1899 used the same pyramid scheme to take in $1 million.
Markopolos as the Man who singled figured out the Madoff Scheme before anyone else. He is a financial analyst and fraud investigator from Boston that blew the whistle on Bernie Madoff scheme by simpling doing Math engeneering to Madoff's unregistered Hedge Fund that was producing incredible returns.
It took him only 5 minutes to figure out that something was wrong. He spent 4 hours doing mathematical modeling to prove that it as a fraud.